The sport of Squash originally developed as a variant of Rackets, hence its original title of 'Squash Rackets'. Rackets was first record at the beginning of the 19 th century, starting in Fleet prison London and progressing by some strange route to Harrow and other selected English schools about 1820. Squash is believed to have started at Harrow School around 1830 , when some boys became tired of waiting for their chance to use the rackets court and played impromptu games in a much smaller confined area nearby. It soon became obvious that a ball with much less bounce was needed in this tighter space, and so one that could be readily squashed was used. The successful spread of the game throughout the world was greatly helped by the British military forces, which built squash courts at most of their bases, both at home and overseas. Many of today's stars come from parts of the old Empire.

In its early days international squash was controlled by the Squash Rackets Association of England and the United States Squash Rackets Association, while in 1968, the International Squash Rackets Federation (ISRF) was formed. The ISRF continued to thrive and was amalgamated with the Women's International Squash Federation in 1985. In 1992, the name of the Federation was changed to the World Squash Federation (WSF), finally recognizing that the sport had been universally referred to simply as 'Squash', rather than 'Squash Rackets', for most of its existence. The World Squash Federation now had 112 National Squash Associations in its membership.

During its 100-plys years of existence, squash has produced many memorable characters and performances, for example, Heather McKay was undefeated throughout her playing career from 1966 to 1977 whilst Susan Devoy won the Women's British Open eight times between 1984 and 1992. The feast of Jonah Barrington of Ireland, Geoff Hunt of Australia and Jahangir Khan of Pakistan from the late 1960s well into the late 1980s are now a thing of legend. Of course, we cannot forget another world number 1 Jansher Khan of Pakistan who has dominated world squash since the late eighties. Currently, Peter Nicol of England , Jonathon Power of Canada , David Palmer of Australia , Leilini Joyce & Carol Owens of New Zealand and Sarah Fitzgerald of Australia are the leading energetic players on the top of the world.
History of Squash in Hong Kong
Hong Kong was introduced to squash by the armed services in the early 20 th Century. The first squash court was built on the site of the present Hong Kong Squash Centre in the Army grounds of Victoria Barracks as it was then, but Hong Kong Park as it is now. It is also where Hong Kong Squash is located. Hong Kong Squash Rackets Association (HKSRA) was founded in 1961. An office was set up in 1979 with a full time paid staff. The office had now increased to 10 staffs.

Squash over the past 40 years in Hong Kong has grown enormously in popularity and has proven a most suitable sport for the local Chinese players not only in competition but also as a recreation. To place direct emphasize on 'squash', the Association officially on the 1 st June 1996 became Hong Kong Squash (HK Squash).
Administration of Squash
World Squash Federation (WSF)
The World Squash Federation is the body, previously known as the International Squash Rackets Federation (ISRF), which was founded in 1967. The name was changed in 1992. It is the world authority and the Governing Body for the sport of Squash, responsible for promoting worldwide the growth and general welfare of Squash.
Asian Squash Federation (ASF)
The Asian Squash Federation was founded in 1980 as a regional federation of the WSF. It is responsible for promoting the game in Asia as well as to coordinate and protect the common interests of its members.
Professional Squash Association (PSA)
The Professional Squash Association (PSA), founded in 1992, is the continuing body of the International Squash Players Association (ISPA), which was formed in 1973. It is responsible for the organization and coordination of the Men's World Squash Circuit, called the PSA Tour, and the issuing of the World Rankings for the various disciplines of the game. Moreover, it works with the World Squash Federation and the Women's International Squash Players Association to ensure the orderly and successful presentation of the worldwide squash calendar.
Court Lines
Health Warning Statement
If you are feeling unwell or having symptoms including but not confining to dizziness, nausea, increased or irregular heartbeat, chest discomfort with lightheadedness, sweating, shortness of breath prior to your attendance or taking part in any squash events, you should refrain from participating in the said activity or event. If you are having any of the above-mentioned symptoms during any squash events or competitions, or in the event of experiencing any discomfort or illness, you should immediately stop the activity and seek medical advice/treatment. Strenuous exercises are not suitable for those who are pregnant or who have contracted influenza; or are suffering from chronic illnesses; and after having taken medicine or alcohol.
  • To start the match, the right to serve is decided by the spin of the racket.
  • The server can choose the service box in either side of the court.
  • The server must stand with one foot in the service box.
  • He/She drops the ball or throws it in the air and hits it before it touches the floor/walls directly to the front wall between the service line and the out-of-court line, so that it lands in the back half of the opposite court on its return from the front wall.
  • Only one serve is allowed
  • The server must alternate the serve from each side of the court if he/she continues to score a point. He/She continues to serve until he/she loses the rally. Then the opponent becomes the server and he/she has the right to serve from either side of the court.
    After a correct serve, players alternate hitting the ball until the rally ends. That is when one of the player :
  • fails to play the ball before it bounces more than once on the floor
  • hits the ball into the tin
  • hits the ball into the floor before it reaches the front wall
  • hits the ball twice in succession
  • # The ball can strike the back or side walls in any combination in its flight towards or away from the front wall.
    Principal Scoring : Point-a-Rally (PAR) to 11

    Either player may score points. Each game is played to 11 points. The player who scores 11 points first wins the game except that if the score reaches 10-all, the game continues until one player leads by two points.

    Alternative Scoring :

  • 1. PAR 15
  • 2. Server Only Scores (the previous standard scoring system)
  • Boast : A shot played so that the ball hits the side wall before hitting the front wall.
  • Lob : A shot played so that the ball hangs high in the air and falls almost vertically to die in the back corners.
  • Drop Shot : The drop shot is a delicately placed stroke that lands close to the front wall.
  • Volley : A ball hit before it bounces, either on the forehand or backhand side.
  • Length & width : In squash, the players will try to hit the ball close to either walls (width) and to the back of the court (length).
  • Nick : It is the junction between two walls or between the wall and the floor where the ball dies immediately.
  • T-position : It is the area at the junction of the short line and the half-court line.
  • Let : When one player interferes with the other's choice of movement to the ball or with the other's clear path for movement, he/she can call out loud 'let'. When a let is called and given, the rally does not count and is replayed. Stroke to (Name of player) : A call made by the Referee when one player interferes with the other's choice of movement to the ball or with the other's clear path for movement. The player named is to be awarded a stroke and wins that rally.
  • Not up : When the ball is not struck correctly by the server or striker; OR when the ball bounces more than once upon the floor before being struck by the striker: OR when the ball touches the striker or anything he wears or carries other than his racket.
  • Down : When the ball hits the tin or board.
WSF Single Games Rules 2014
More details, please visit www.worldsquash.org 'Rules & Regs'
  • To arouse the interest of youngsters and to teach them some basic skills. The course content of mini-squash will have more fun and games to make it enjoyable.

Differences between mini-squash and squash
Mini Squash
Target Group
6 - 12 yrs old beginner
12+ yrs old / mini-squash players
Ball Color
Pink / Green, more attractive
Ball Size
Bigger, bouncier, easy to target
Smaller, less bouncier
Ball Material
Spongy, softer & safer
Rubber, harder
Racket Length
Shorter, easy to control
Longer, stronger swing power
Racket Weight
Lighter, easy to carry & control
Heavier, stronger swing power

(from left to right) :
Mini-squash Racket (Extender 23),
Mini-squash Racket (Extender 25),
Squash Racket

(from left to right)
Mini-squash Ball (Green),
Mini-squash Ball (Pink),
Squash Ball